Headache, neck pain and symptoms of thoracic outlet syndrome are common complaints in patients with poor trunk function. When the upper thorax and shoulder girdle become restricted and/or poorly controlled more load is placed on the head and neck during everyday tasks. When the cranium is twisted due to external neuromuscular imbalances (i.e. asymmetric tone in SCM) or loss of tension ‘balance’ of the intra-cranial membranes (cerebellar tentorium, cerebral and cerebellar falx) (i.e. concussions, head hits etc), function of the upper thorax can be impacted.
Do you know how to determine if the upper thorax, neck or cranium is playing a role in the clinical presentation and if so what to do or where to begin treatment? A key feature of the Integrated Systems Model is how to determine the relationships between multiple sites of non-optimal alignment, biomechanics and control and decide where the best place is to intervene. This is called finding the primary driver and is task and individual specific.
The key concepts of the Integrated Systems Model (meaningful task analysis and finding the primary driver) will be highlighted during this lecture with specific application to the cranium, neck and upper thorax/shoulder girdle. Once the primary driver is determined for each meaningful task, vector analysis will confirm the underlying system impairment (articular, neural, myofascial, visceral) and thus determine the treatment prescription of what to release, align, connect and move (RACM).
At the conclusion of this lecture, you will understand the skills necessary to assess function of the cranium to the 4th thoracic ring (including the clavicle and scapula) and how to find the primary driver for meaningful tasks involving the head, neck and shoulder girdle. You will understand how to design a multimodal treatment program (including education, manual therapy, neuromuscular release, and movement training) to restore function and performance for any patient presenting with headache, neck pain and/or shoulder girdle pain.
Upon completion of this lecture you should have an understanding of:
- How the Integrated Systems Model provides a framework to find the underlying driver for the patient’s problem – whether this is pain, loss of stability, loss of performance, or other disability.
- Some key clinical tests for the cranium, neck, upper thorax/shoulder girdle to determine whether or not a patient is using an optimal strategy for function & performance for their chosen task and when there are multiple sites of impairment, how to determine the ‘primary driver’ or impairment to be addressed first.
- The clinical reasoning process required to determine if the cranium, neck, upper thorax/shoulder girdle is the primary driver for loss of optimal function.
- Key clinical tests for the articular, neural, and myofascial systems pertaining to the determined primary driver.
- The clinical reasoning process for the development of a prescriptive treatment program that targets interventions to various system impairments pertaining to the primary driver.
- The principles of ISM treatment techniques and movement training to release, align, connect & move the trunk/hips for restoration of better strategies for function & performance.